Corona Virus (COVID - 19) is a huge virus family that causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to more serious conditions including Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Coronavirus is a novel strain that has never been seen in people before. Coronavirus is a zoonotic illness that spreads from animals to humans.
Cancer is a word used to describe illnesses in which aberrant cells develop uncontrollably and can infect surrounding tissues. Cancer cells can potentially travel through the blood and lymph systems to other areas of the body.
Many areas of the body are affected by cancer, including the breasts, lungs, colon, brain, bones, and prostate.
According to the stem cell hypothesis of cancer, a small percentage of malignant cells behave like stem cells, reproducing and sustaining the disease in the same way that normal stem cells renew and support our organs and tissues.
Cancer biomarkers (CB) are biomolecules generated by tumor cells or other body cells in reaction to the tumor, and CB might be utilized as a cancer screening/early detection tool, diagnostic, prognostic, or predictive for a patient's ultimate result.
Cancer immunology is a branch of biology concerned with the function of the immune system in the formation and progression of cancer cells.
A pathology report is a medical document that details the diagnosis of illnesses such as cancer.
The use of AI and robotics to build a diagnosis technique will assist to minimise the frequency of late-stage cancer diagnoses. Better imaging, robotics, and artificial intelligence (AI) will all be used in the new multinational studies to identify cancer at an early stage. It also aspires to create whole new cancer detection techniques.
Carcinogenesis, also known as oncogenesis or tumorigenesis, is the process through which healthy cells change into cancerous cells. Changes at the cellular, genetic, and epigenetic levels, as well as aberrant cell division, characterize the process.
Mutagens create DNA alterations that can damage cells and cause illnesses like cancer.
Nanotechnology has the potential to identify cancer-related chemicals quickly and sensitively, allowing scientists to discover molecular alterations in a tiny fraction of cells. Nanotechnology has the ability to create completely new and extremely effective medicinal treatments.
Advances in sequencing technologies, computational approaches and tumor models, understanding of cancer processes, and the application of new methods to studying cancer are currently an exciting and fast-paced topic, with great promise for developing important breakthroughs in cancer treatment and prevention.
In roughly 5 to 10% of all malignancies, genetic alterations have a significant impact. More than 50 hereditary cancer syndromes have been linked to mutations in particular genes, which are diseases that may predispose people to various malignancies.
Breast cancer is more common in women than in males. A lump in the breast, bloody flow from the nipple, and changes in the form or texture of the nipple or breast are all signs of breast cancer. Its therapy is determined by cancer's stage. Chemotherapy, radiation, hormone treatment, and surgery may all be used.
An oncology nurse is a type of nurse that specialized in caring for cancer patients. These nurses require advanced qualifications and cancer clinical experience beyond what a standard baccalaureate nursing school may give.
Physical symptoms and side effects can occur as a result of cancer and its treatment. They can also have psychological, social, and economical consequences. Palliative care, also known as supportive care, is the treatment of these side effects.
Gynecologic oncology is a subspecialty of medicine that focuses on malignancies of the female reproductive system, such as ovarian, uterine, vaginal, cervical, and vulvar cancer.
Medicines are frequently used to treat leukemia and cancers of the breasts, ovaries, and intestines by doctors. 5-fluorouracil, 6-mercaptopurine, cytarabine, gemcitabine, and methotrexate are only a few of the drugs in this category.
Radiology techniques such as X-rays, CT scans, and other diagnostic imaging treatments are used to assist find, stage, and diagnose malignancies. Radiation therapy is a treatment that kills cancer cells and shrinks tumors by delivering high doses of focused radiation.
Vaccines are medications that aid the body's defense against illness. They can teach the immune system will detect and eliminate dangerous bacteria and cells. Cancer vaccinations are also available. Cancer vaccinations are used to both prevent and treat the disease.
Cancer epidemiology is the study of the variables that influence cancer. Cancer epidemiology is the study of using epidemiological approaches to determine the cause of cancer and to identify and create better therapies.
Some cancer patients will just require one therapy. Most patients, on the other hand, receive a mix of therapies, such as surgery combined with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy are examples of treatments. Clinical trials might be utilized to help people with cancer.
Chemotherapy is a medication treatment that employs strong chemicals to kill your body's fast-growing cells. Chemotherapy is commonly used to treat cancer because cancer cells grow and proliferate considerably faster than the rest of the body's cells.
Cancer prevention is a strategy for reducing the chance of developing cancer. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding known cancer-causing chemicals, and using cancer-prevention medications or vaccinations are all examples of this.
The most common approach for doctors to diagnose cancer is through a biopsy. Other tests can indicate the presence of cancer, but only a biopsy can confirm the diagnosis. A biopsy is a procedure in which a doctor takes a tiny quantity of tissue for examination under a microscope.
Cancer research that includes preclinical, clinical, translational, molecular, epidemiological, preventative, and therapeutic components is known as integrative cancer biology and research. On multiple stages of the molecular process, computational biologists working on cancer create approaches for genome-scale characterization of malignancies.
A nutritious and well-balanced diet is an important element of cancer therapy. Patients can recover more quickly between cancer treatments if they eat well.
Medical oncology is concerned with cancer medication therapies such as chemotherapy, hormones, and biological agents. When it comes to clinical oncology, it's not just about administering drugs; it's also about utilizing radiation, which is typically done in tandem.
Viruses that cause human cancer, as well as employing viruses to combat cancer.
A lump or sore that does not heal, a persistent painful throat, trouble swallowing, and a change or hoarseness in the voice are all signs of head and neck malignancies.
Clinical trials are human-centered research investigations. Clinical trials help doctors discover new therapies and methods to enhance the quality of life for those living with the condition.
Cancer that starts in the mouth and spreads to other parts of the body.
Tobacco usage, high alcohol use, and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection are all risk factors. A persistent pain, a lump, or a white or red spot on the inside of the mouth are all symptoms.
Surgery and radiation treatment are used to treat the condition. Chemotherapy may be necessary in some situations.